Saturday, March 9, 2013

Conclave to begin Tuesday March 12th

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Conclave to begin Tuesday March 12th

2013-03-08 Vatican Radio
(Vatican Radio) The eighth General Congregation of the College of Cardinals meeting in the Vatican Synod Hall Friday has decided that the Conclave for the election of the Pope will begin on Tuesday, 12 March 2013.

A “pro eligendo Romano Pontifice” Mass will be celebrated in St. Peter’s Basilica in the morning. Then Tuesday afternoon the 115 Cardinal Electors will gather in the Pauline Chapel for a moment of collection and prayer and from there they will process in order of precedence through the Sala Regia to the Sistine Chapel invoking the Holy Spirit. Emer McCarthy reports Listen:
There they will take their seats, again observing the order of precedence, to elect the 265th Successor to St Peter. Once they have taken their seats they will hear the second meditation established by the Apostolic Constitution governing the papal transitions. It will be given by the Maltese Augustinian, Cardinal Prospero Grech.

Following the mediation, the 115 cardinals will swear an oath to observe the rules of Conclave which include to maintain fidelity to the election of the Pope, to maintain secrecy, never to support or favor interference. The Cardinal Dean Angelo Sodano, reads aloud the formula of the oath, the Cardinal electors respond: I do so promise, pledge and swear.

After all the Cardinals have taken the oath, the Master of the Papal Ceremonies, Msgr. Guido Marini orders all individuals other than the Cardinal Electors and conclave participants to leave the Sistine Chapel. He stands at the great wooden doors and pronounces the phrase: "Extra omnes!" He then closes the door.

According to the Apostolic Constitution, on the afternoon of the first day, one ballot may be held. If a ballot takes place on the afternoon of the first day and no-one is elected, four ballots are held on each successive day, two in the morning and two in the afternoon. If no result is obtained after three vote days of balloting, the process is suspended for a maximum of one day for prayer, meditation and reflection. A two thirds majority is required for the election of a Pope.

Of the 115 Cardinal Electors, more than half are European with the largest single nationality represented by the 28 Italian Cardinal Electors. In a geographical breakdown: 60 come from Europe, 19 from Latin America, 14 from North America, 11 from Africa, 10 from Asia and 1 from Oceania.

The average age of the Cardinal Electors is 71 while 67 of the Cardinals who will enter in the Conclave Tuesday were appointed by Pope emeritus, Benedict XVI.

There were eight Conclaves in the 20th century, only three of which lasted longer than three days. The longest Conclave in the last two hundred years was 1830-1831. It lasted 50 days for a total of 83 ballots resulting in the election of Gregory XVI, the last religious elected to the papacy. The shortest Conclave in the 20th century took place in 1939. Eugenio Pacelli was elected Pius XII after just three ballots.


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Who really cares what the Church thinks?

2013-03-06 L’Osservatore Romano
We are publishing the integral text of the introduction written by our Editor-in-Chief to a book, edited by him, Il filo interrotto. Le difficili relazioni tra il Vaticano e la stampa internazionale [The broken wire: difficult relations between the Vatican and global media] (Milan, Mondadori, 2012, 145 pages, euro 17,50). This volume pulls together pieces from the day of study that L'Osservatore Romano organized in the Vatican on 10 November 2011 on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of its foundation.

The book – writes Giovanni Maria Vian – confronts, for the first time ever, "the complicated and difficult relationship between the Catholic Church and the media. With a title, Incomprensioni, [misunderstandings], it is certainly precise but at first glance could seem reductive. And yet the day escaped that risk, as these pages demonstrate, written by figures of impressive stature in scholarship and communications: two teachers of contemporary history, five non-Italian journalists and a Cardinal. Diverse voices but united by the will to understand without preconceptions such crucial points that, though not limited to the last year, comprehend topics of the great relevance today.

Reconstructing the historical development of this line of relation, Vian recalls the encounter between Paul VI and Alberto Cavallari on 24 September 1965. The journalist of "Corriere della Sera" was later to write: "I saw a man stretched out, spontaneous, bearing little resemblance to the Pope, as he is usually describe – gaunt, tense, or introverted, or nervous, or diplomatic. 'You know we like talking about the Vatican', the affable Pope humorously said right away. 'Today many try to understand us and study us. There are many books on the Holy See and on the Council. And some are even well made, you see. But many many assert that the Church thinks this or that without ever having asked the Church what she thinks. After all, even our opinion should count for something in terms of religion'".




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